Further Reading

Beekeeping - General

'A Guide to Bees and Honey' by Ted Hooper.

'The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Beekeeping' by Roger Morse and Ted Hooper.

'Practical Beekeeping' By Clive de Bruyn.

Natural history

'Honeybee Ecology' by Thomas D Seeley and 'The Biology of the Honey Bee' by Mark L Winston give thorough accounts of natural swarming and supersedure.

Other References

Winston (chapter 4) describes the development of queens, workers and drones.

'Communication Among Social Bees' by Martin Lindauer (chapter 2), and also Seeley (chapter 6) give accounts of how swarms find a home.

Seeley (chapter 2) compares typical wild nest and hive volumes.

Seeley (chapter 4)

Winston (chapter 8) describes the production and distribution of queen pheromones including the effects crowding may have on its distribution among workers.

LE Snelgrove in 'Swarming, its Control & Prevention' (chapter 3) claims complete reliability for the 'tip test' when the upper box is a shallow and near complete reliability when 2 deeps are used.

'A Simple Two-Queen System' by Ron Brown describes another way of starting and operating a two-queen system.

The website: www.xs4all.nl/~jtemp/dronemethod.html authored by Johan Calis and others has two methods of Varroa control using drone comb trapping in conjunction with artificial swarm techniques.

Donald Sims in 'Sixty Years with Bees' (chapter 8) describes the Taranov method.

Morse and Hooper (page 19 - Annual cycle of the colony) shows how brood outnumbers adult bees early in the season.

Sims (chapter 7) describes a management method called the Wilson method that is very similar to this procedure. It was investigated by the BBKA in the 50's and reported on by Wedmore (details in the book).